The Alberta Human Rights Act protects against discrimination in the area of membership in trade unions, employers’ organizations, or occupational associations (referred to as “trade unions and associations”). This means trade unions and associations cannot exclude, discriminate against, remove, or suspend a member based on a protected ground.
A trade union is an organization of employees that manages the relationship between employees and employers. An employers’ organization is an organization of employers that manages the relationship between employees and employers. Whereas a trade union is for employees, an employers’ organization is for employers. An occupational association is an organization in which employees must be a member to carry on a trade, occupation, or profession. An occupational association is not a trade union or an employers’ association.